Bunions are bony bumps that form on the joint at the base of your big toe. They occur when some of the bones in the front part of your foot move out of place. The medical name for them is hallux valgus.
The exact cause of bunions is unknown, but they tend to run in families. Wearing badly fitting shoes is thought to make bunions worse. Additional contributing factors are believed to include:
The signs of a bunion include:
An appointment with your consultant to discuss your symptoms and an examination of your feet, is usually followed by an X-ray to confirm the condition.
Non-surgical treatment: to help relieve the pain and pressure of a bunion:
Surgical options: if conservative treatment doesn't relieve your symptoms, you might need surgery. Surgery is not recommended for cosmetic reasons; only when a bunion causes you frequent pain or interferes with your daily activities.
There are many surgical procedures for bunions, and no one technique is best for every problem. Surgical procedures for bunions can be done as single procedures or in combination. They might involve:
It's possible that you'll be able to walk on your foot right after a bunion procedure, however it’s important that you stay off your feet as much as possible for at least two weeks. To prevent a recurrence, you'll need to wear proper shoes after recovery. Your consultant will discuss in more detail what you can expect after bunion surgery.
Work – it depends on the type of job you have, however you may need to stay off for between six to 12 weeks, your consultant will advise you on when you should return.
Driving - avoid driving for six to eight weeks.
Exercise - avoid sports and strenuous exercise for up to six months.